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Javascript by convention

Usually when doing javascript, you’ll see a lot of script inside a page. For instance when we add a date picker on a text input, you could add a script block to the page and do the necessary initialization there:

<h1>Modify your settings</h1>

<form>
  <div class="control-group">
    <label class="control-label">Birthdate</label>
    <div class="controls">
      <div class="input-append">
        <input type="text" name="birthDate" id="birthDate" />
        <span class="add-on">
          <i class="icon-calendar"></i>
        </span>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</form>

<script type="text/javascript">
  $(document).ready(function() {
    $("#birthDate").datepicker({
      dateFormat: "dd-mm-yy"
    });
  });
</script>

Now what if we needed to do this more then just once? Let’s change our html to a more unobtrusive way:

<input type="text" name="birthDate" id="birthDate" data-role="datepicker" />

Now just add a new javascript file to your website and include it in our html.

(function($) {
  $(document).ready(function() {
    //datepicker convention
    $(':text[data-role="datepicker"]').datepicker({
      dateFormat: "dd-mm-yy"
    });
  });
})(jQuery);

In this file we make sure we alias ‘$’ to jQuery as another plugin we use could have aliased it differently.

If you are worried about performance of the selector used here, you can always use a class in your convention.